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Ethiopia has declared a state of emergency, a day after the country's prime minister abruptly resigned.


The measure was announced on Friday by the Council of Ministers, the Ethiopian government's cabinet, according to state broadcaster EBC.


Local media said the measure is effective as of Friday, but it was not immediately clear how long it would last.


Quoting an unnamed source "close to the government", the Addis Standard newspaper reported that the Council was debating whether to make the measure span three or six months.


In August 2017, Ethiopia lifted a 10-month state of emergency imposed after hundreds of people were killed in anti-government protests demanding wider political freedoms.


Ethiopia's Oromo and Amhara people - who make up about 61 percent of the country's population - have staged mass demonstrations since 2015 demanding greater political inclusion and an end to human rights abuses.


Jawar Mohammed, an Oromo rights activist and head of the Oromia Media Network, said the state of emergency declaration was "unnecessary, unhelpful and unwise".


"The best way to ensure stability at this time is not to declare state of emergency that was tested and failed," Mohammed wrote on Facebook earlier on Friday.


Felix Horne, a Human Rights Watch researcher on Ethiopia, said during the last state of emergency - the first in 25 years - more than 20,000 people were arrested.


"Those released speak about how it has only angered them further. It didn't work then, what does [the government] hope to achieve now?" Horne wrote on Twitter.


Political uncertainty

Hailemariam, who has sat at the helm of the Ethiopian government since 2012, announced on Thursday he would be stepping down as prime minister and head of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) coalition.


He cited ongoing "unrest and a political crisis" in the country as major factors in his resignation, which he described as "vital in the bid to carry out reforms that would lead to sustainable peace and democracy".


Hailemariam said he will stay on as prime minister in a caretaker capacity, until the EPRDF and the country's parliament accept his resignation and name a replacement.


The executive committees of both the EPRDF and his own party within the coalition, the Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement, have so far accepted his decision to step down.


Tsedale Lemma, editor-in-chief of Addis Standard, said there has been a political struggle within the ruling party since the death of former prime minister, Meles Zenawi, in 2012.


Appointing a new prime minister from within the Oromo community would be "a conciliatory gesture", Lemma said.


But whomever replaces Hailemariam, she said Ethiopia "needs a very serious political surgery to heal it from its structural [disfunction]", which would include dismantling repressive laws and strengthening the independence of the judiciary.


Mulatu Gemechu, deputy secretary of the opposition Oromo Federalist Congress, said earlier on Friday that Ethiopia needs a new political system after years of unrest.


"Ethiopians now need a government that respects their rights, not one that keeps beating and killing them," he told Reuters news agency.

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South East leaders of the All Progressives Congress on Monday met with President Muhamamdu Buhari at the Presidential Villa, Abuja.

Led by the Minister of Science and Technology, Dr. Ogbonnaya Onu,  he disclosed to  State House correspondents that the purpose of the meeting was to intimate the President of the decision reached at a meeting of the party chiefs on December 31.

He said, “The APC leadership in the South East met on December 31 last year and endorsed the President for a second term.

“We have come today to reaffirm that and to assure Mr. President that the party is working very hard to win future elections.”

The minister said Buhari was happy especially considering the calibre of members of the delegation.

He added, “He was very happy because you can see the calibre of people in this delegation, a very high-powered delegation.

“We have former leaders of the National Assembly at the highest level, Senate President, Speaker, House of Representatives, former heads of government at the state level, one governor or represented by the deputy governor because the governor is out of the country, all the ministers from the South East, serving members in the National Assembly both in the Senate and House of Representatives, former members of the National Assembly and very important members in the party.

“We have our National Vice Chairman in the South East, members of the National Working Committee and National Executive Committee all present.

“So the President was very happy that such a delegation thought it fit to come and visit him.”

 

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The Nigerian government has just announced a public vote on a bill designed to take away the freedoms of Nigerian people. And if we don’t act now and vote against it before the 14th December, when the public hearing finishes, it could be too late.

The government has tried to make it sound like this ‘NGO bill’ is just about restricting the freedom of NGOs. But a quick Google search shows the public outrage this bill has already caused. It will have devastating effects on Nigerians - which is why they’re trying to pass it as quickly as possible, before too many people take action to stop it.


This ‘NGO’ bill will keep Nigerians from freely sharing their opinions, holding open discussion forums or organising people to protest. The effects of this bill will be far wider than just on NGOs: this bill will shrink the freedoms of Nigerians and allow the government to control them.

Angry Nigerians took to the street to protest the regulation bill that is about to be passed unto NGOs; says its absurd and a breach of basic human rights and needs.

“The people in power are trying to rush this bill through, in order to quickly silence us. Don’t let them, said Amnesty.


Twitter Users have also taken up their weapon of words to dissect the loopholes behind the bill and why the senate behind it, should focus on providing light to the nation instead.

#NGOBill's multiple registration requirement would discourage young Nigerians like herself who engage in philantrophic work with little resources from continuing to do so. -Dr. @Sandiechukwu

#NGORegulationBill doesn't serve any purpose. - Hon. Abdul Oro



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Amaechi made the assertion in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on the sidelines of the Future Awards Africa held at the Federal Palace Hotel, Victoria Island, Lagos last Saturday.

He said the youths are not ready yet to embrace a corrupt-free society because they were wrongly orientated by those who were using them for their interest. He said:

The problem with Nigerian youth is that they just want to take over from the elite but they are not ready to embrace change, they don’t want reform. They say that the roles being played by the elite are not satisfactory, but they must be ready to upset the leaders of this country through their ingenuity.

For example, during our days of activism, we engage government over unfavourable policies and we get headlong even during the military administration.

Now, student union presidents want a vehicle and a driver to be driving him about to attend meetings; during our time, which dares have a car, we all struggle on the street.

He advised Nigerian youth to rise to the fight against corruption. He said:

I will advise the youth to fight against corruption with all their energy instead of giving tacit support to those they think are their benefactors. During our time in the student union struggles, we rose against impunity and organised protests; but what happens today, the government of the day announces the money siphoned but the youth keep quiet.

Such astronomic stolen amount government announced wouldn’t have happened during our time, all the street would have been filled with youths protesting and seeing that the culprits were punished. Today, we have some of our youths dancing behind the corrupt politicians for a pot of meal that will not last long thereby mortgaging their future.

Amaechi said that Nigerian youth should stand up to the reality of life by asking questions from leaders on how they manage the economy and the commonwealth of Nigeria. He wrote:

Nigerian youth should start asking questions from leaders, including me, about what we are doing with our resources. It’s time to reject those that put us in this. We should all desist from pulling our country down through corruption. But unfortunately, the youth are not interested in that, all what they want is how to look good.

Maybe they looked at me wearing designer shoes, what they will notice is that designer and how they can get it. That is not supposed to be. During my time as a student union leader, I had only two pairs of clothes. But now the value system is wrong and the youth are copying wrong leadership model.

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Kenya's resistance has delayed the ceremony to swear in its pioneer Raila Odinga as a parallel president after a dubious survey it boycotted, the gathering said Sunday. 


The National Super Alliance (NASA) had wanted to introduce Odinga on Tuesday - Kenya's Freedom Day. The veteran lawmaker had hauled out of the national decision won by President Uhuru Kenyatta.

 

The party said the decision to put back the swearing-in ceremony and launch of a new People's Assembly to a later date was made "following extensive internal consultations and engagement".

Kenya's attorney general has said holding the alternative inauguration would amount to "treason" -- a crime punishable by death -- although Kenya has not executed anyone for 30 years.

 

NASA said in a statement Sunday: "We are aware that this will be a disappointment to the people of Kenya who was eagerly waiting for this occasion.

"We wish to assure them that our resolve has not changed. Specifically, we wish to reiterate that any national dialogue must have electoral justice on the agenda. We are not interested in sharing illegitimate dictatorial power."

 

Odinga's pledge that he would be inaugurated as president -- made on the same day as Kenyatta's swearing-in ceremony -- was a source of concern for many observers, who feared it could rekindle tensions after months of divisions over the polling process.

The election chaos goes back to an August 8 vote that was annulled in September over "irregularities and illegalities".

 

Odinga boycotted the October 26 re-run saying the electoral commission had not made fundamental reforms to make the contest fair.

Kenyatta went on to win 98 percent of the vote -- but on a turnout of only 39 percent. The result was validated by the Supreme Court after two petitions seeking to overturn it were dismissed.

At least 58 people have died during violent clashes since the August vote, and the country is still deeply split.

 

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Buhari has arrived in Kano State for a 2 days Officila visit to the state. The people of Kano State hosted  a large receptive parade on his behalf, from the airport to his destination. The preparation to receive President Buhari has taken nothing less than a week of intensive  combing of the states and gathering enough cheer-leaders who share in the President's Vision.

Twitter is on its usual rambling, on whether or not the President would commission anything in Kano State like President Goodluck Jonathan supposingly did or not.


Some people have proven to be loyal fans to the President and have taken to their twitter handle to promote the President good image with the #PMB hashtag.