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FUN FACTS ABOUT CATS

   In the typical Nigerian societies cats are being interpreted to be possessed or demonic simply because of the way they’re portrayed in movies. Though in some western societies, cats are used to reflect witchcraft or voodoo practices. This has however, caused most people to denounce cats whenever they run across their homes or surroundings. The poor creatures are left to wander and fend for themselves with no one to pet them.

Maybe if you understand the fantastic gifts of this animal then maybe you’ll get to appreciate and welcome them. Cats are in fact amazing little creatures with more super special gifts than dogs.

· Unlike dogs, cats do not have a sweet tooth. Scientists believe this is due to a mutation in a key taste receptor.

· When a cat chases its prey, it keeps its head level. Dogs and humans bob their heads up and down.

·  The technical term for a cat’s hairball is a “bezoar.”

·  A group of cats is called a “clowder.”



·  A cat can’t climb head first down a tree because every claw on a cat’s paw points the same way. To get down from a tree, a cat must back down.

·  Cats make about 100 different sounds. Dogs make only about 10.

·  Every year, nearly four million cats are eaten in Asia.

·  There are more than 500 million domestic cats in the world, with approximately 40 recognized breeds.

·  Approximately 24 cat skins can make a coat.

·  While it is commonly thought that the ancient Egyptians were the first to domesticate cats, the oldest known pet cat was recently found in a 9,500-year-old grave on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. This grave predates early Egyptian art depicting cats by 4,000 years or more.

·  During the time of the Spanish Inquisition, Pope Innocent VIII condemned cats as evil and thousands of cats were burned. Unfortunately, the widespread killing of cats led to an explosion of the rat population, which exacerbated the effects of the Black Death.

·  During the Middle Ages, cats were associated with witchcraft, and on St. John’s Day, people all over Europe would stuff them into sacks and toss the cats into bonfires. On holy days, people celebrated by tossing cats from church towers.

·  The first cat in space was a French cat named Felicette (a.k.a. “Astrocat”) In 1963, France blasted the cat into outer space. Electrodes implanted in her brains sent neurological signals back to Earth. She survived the trip.

·  The group of words associated with cat (cattcathchatkatze) stem from the Latin catus, meaning domestic cat, as opposed to feles, or wild cat.

·  The term “puss” is the root of the principal word for “cat” in the Romanian term pisica and the root of secondary words in Lithuanian (puz) and Low German puus. Some scholars suggest that “puss” could be imitative of the hissing sound used to get a cat’s attention. As a slang word for the female pudenda, it could be associated with the connotation of a cat being soft, warm, and fuzzy.

·  Approximately 40,000 people are bitten by cats in the U.S. annually.

·  Cats are North America’s most popular pets: there are 73 million cats compared to 63 million dogs. Over 30% of households in North America own a cat.

·  According to Hebrew legend, Noah prayed to God for help protecting all the food he stored on the ark from being eaten by rats. In reply, God made the lion sneeze, and out popped a cat.

·  A cat’s hearing is better than a dog’s. And a cat can hear high-frequency sounds up to two octaves higher than a human.

·  A cat can travel at a top speed of approximately 31 mph (49 km) over a short distance.

·  A cat rubs against people not only to be affectionate but also to mark out its territory with scent glands around its face. The tail area and paws also carry the cat’s scent.


·  Researchers are unsure exactly how a cat purrs. Most veterinarians believe that a cat purrs by vibrating vocal folds deep in the throat. To do this, a muscle in the larynx opens and closes the air passage about 25 times per second.

·  When a family cat died in ancient Egypt, family members would mourn by shaving off their eyebrows. They also held elaborate funerals during which they drank wine and beat their breasts. The cat was embalmed with a sculpted wooden mask and the tiny mummy was placed in the family tomb or in a pet cemetery with tiny mummies of mice.

·  In 1888, more than 300,000 mummified cats were found an Egyptian cemetery. They were stripped of their wrappings and carted off to be used by farmers in England and the U.S. for fertilizer.

·  Most cats give birth to a litter of between one and nine kittens. The largest known litter ever produced was 19 kittens, of which 15 survived.

·  Smuggling a cat out of ancient Egypt was punishable by death. Phoenician traders eventually succeeded in smuggling felines, which they sold to rich people in Athens and other important cities.

·  The earliest ancestor of the modern cat lived about 30 million years ago. Scientists called it the Proailurus, which means “first cat” in Greek. The group of animals that pet cats belong to emerged around 12 million years ago.

·  The biggest wildcat today is the Siberian Tiger. It can be more than 12 feet (3.6 m) long (about the size of a small car) and weigh up to 700 pounds (317 kg).

·  Many Egyptians worshiped the goddess Bast, who had a woman’s body and a cat’s head.

·  Mohammed loved cats and reportedly his favorite cat, Muezza, was a tabby. Legend says that tabby cats have an “M” for Mohammed on top of their heads because Mohammad would often rest his hand on the cat’s head.

·  While many parts of Europe and North America consider the black cat a sign of bad luck, in Britain and Australia, black cats are considered lucky.

·  The most popular pedigreed cat is the Persian cat, followed by the Main Coon cat and the Siamese cat.

·  The smallest pedigreed cat is a Singapura, which can weigh just 4 lbs (1.8 kg), or about five large cans of cat food. The largest pedigreed cats are Maine Coon cats, which can weigh 25 lbs (11.3 kg), or nearly twice as much as an average cat weighs.

·  Some cats have survived falls of over 65 feet (20 meters), due largely to their “righting reflex.” The eyes and balance organs in the inner ear tell it where it is in space so the cat can land on its feet. Even cats without a tail have this ability.

·  Some Siamese cats appear cross-eyed because the nerves from the left side of the brain go to mostly the right eye and the nerves from the right side of the brain go mostly to the left eye. This causes some double vision, which the cat tries to correct by “crossing” its eyes.

·  Researchers believe the word “tabby” comes from Attabiyah, a neighborhood in Baghdad, Iraq. Tabbies got their name because their striped coats resembled the famous wavy patterns in the silk produced in this city.

·       *   A cat can jump up to five times its own height in a single bound.

·  Cats hate the water because their fur does not insulate well when it’s wet. The Turkish Van, however, is one cat that likes swimming. Bred in central Asia, its coat has a unique texture that makes it water resistant.

·  The Egyptian Mau is probably the oldest breed of cat. In fact, the breed is so ancient that its name is the Egyptian word for “cat.”

·  The first commercially cloned pet was a cat named "Little Nicky." He cost his owner $50,000, making him one of the most expensive cats ever.

·  A cat usually has about 12 whiskers on each side of its face.

·  A cat’s eyesight is both better and worse than humans. It is better because cats can see in much dimmer light and they have a wider peripheral view. It’s worse because they don’t see color as well as humans do. Scientists believe grass appears red to cats.

·  Spanish-Jewish folklore recounts that Adam’s first wife, Lilith, became a black vampire cat, sucking the blood from sleeping babies. This may be the root of the superstition that a cat will smother a sleeping baby or suck out the child’s breath.

·  Perhaps the most famous comic cat is the Cheshire Cat in Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland. With the ability to disappear, this mysterious character embodies the magic and sorcery historically associated with cats.

·  The smallest wildcat today is the Black-footed cat. The females are less than 20 inches (50 cm) long and can weigh as little as 2.5 lbs (1.2 kg).

·  On average, cats spend 2/3 of every day sleeping. That means a nine-year-old cat has been awake for only three years of its life

·       *  Cats don't actually meow at each other, just at humans. Cats typically will spit, purr, and hiss at other cats.

·  Female cats tend to be right pawed, while male cats are more often left pawed. Interestingly, while 90% of humans are right handed, the remaining 10% of lefties also tend to be male.

·  A cat’s back is extremely flexible because it has up to 53 loosely fitting vertebrae. Humans only have 34.

·  All cats have claws, and all except the cheetah sheath them when at rest.

·  Two members of the cat family are distinct from all others: the clouded leopard and the cheetah. The clouded leopard does not roar like other big cats, nor does it groom or rest like small cats. The cheetah is unique because it is a running cat; all others are leaping cats. They are leaping cats because they slowly stalk their prey and then leap on it.

·  A cat lover is called an Ailurophilia (Greek: cat+lover).

·  In Japan, cats are thought to have the power to turn into super spirits when they die. This may be because according to the Buddhist religion, the body of the cat is the temporary resting place of very spiritual people

·  Most cats had short hair until about 100 years ago, when it became fashionable to own cats and experiment with breeding.

·  One reason that kittens sleep so much is because a growth hormone is released only during sleep.


·  Cats have about 130,000 hairs per square inch (20,155 hairs per square centimeter).

·  The heaviest cat on record is Himmy, a Tabby from Queensland, Australia. He weighed nearly 47 pounds (21 kg). He died at the age of 10

·  The oldest cat on record was Crème Puff from Austin, Texas, who lived from 1967 to August 6, 2005, three days after her 38th birthday. A cat typically can live up to 20 years, which is equivalent to about 96 human years

·  The lightest cat on record is a blue point Himalayan called Tinker Toy, who weighed 1 pound, 6 ounces (616 g). Tinker Toy was 2.75 inches (7 cm) tall and 7.5 inches (19 cm) long

·       *  Approximately 1/3 of cat owners think their pets are able to read their minds.

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 Men are not superficial but their brains were wired in such a way that visual cues attracts them the most. Both men and women care about physical looks but for most men, if not all, physical looks come on top of the list. 

Men were created in such a way that they get attracted to healthy and fertile women. In other words if a men picked up certain cues that showed that a certain woman is capable of bringing healthy off springs then he will get attracted to her.

Why do men care about looks more than women do?

I am sure you have never heard a man saying "i like her because she is the healthiest and most fertile woman I ever saw".

Men just get attracted to certain features that indicate the presence of enough supply of the female hormone. This is the way God ensured that a man will have the largest number of off springs because the woman with the best health and highest female hormonal levels will be the most fertile woman.

Men get attracted to women with low waist to hip ratio, full lips, symmetrical faces, feminine facial features and slim body. 

Some researches have shown that men's preference of slim women is just a cultural phenomenon. They backed their research by evidence that some isolated tribes still prefer heavy women over slimmer ones.

Another theory says that men get attracted to heavy women in cultures where food is scarce and to slim women when there is plenty of food. In the first case men get attracted to those women because they come from wealthy families while in the second case they get attracted to those women because they are healthier than others.

What can a woman do to attract a man?

Men of course do care about other factors in addition to physical looks. The female's social class, her personality, the way she dresses and her feminine attitude are all factors that can add to the attractiveness of a woman who has average looks.

Women should care about their looks, exercise often and should stay fit if they want to increase their chance of attracting men. In some cultures women ignore their looks then claim that personality is everything.

While this may sound like a wise saying its completely against the biology of a human male. Many women who don't want to do more effort to become fit or who can't exert more control over their appetite run to those philosophies in order to feel good about themselves.

Even if you are an average looking woman living a healthy life style and having a healthy body will give you a superior advantage over other women who don't do the same.

There is also a piece of good news. Physical attractiveness perception differs from one person to another. This means that what one man finds unattractive can still be found attractive by another man. So never worry, there will always be a man out there who thinks that you are attractive. 

 

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For every minute you are angry you lose sixty seconds of happiness.- Ralph Waldo.

When your blood starts to boil because of some distressing event or something someone said or did, how do you react? That moment your pupils are dilated and your brows are knotted in anger and frustration, what do you resort to? Do you rather pour out your anger there and then or do you just walk away from the distressing situation or do you decide to wait it out and talk when you are calmed.

  If for a reason, you feel your anger gets the best of you far too often, look into these peaceful techniques that will help you stay in control every time you feel your fuse running short.

 

1.      PRACTICE ABDOMINAL BREATHING: According to Harvard Medical School , shallow breathing from the chest makes you feel short of breath which can make it harder to manage anger as it increases tension and anxiety. If we breathe deeply from the diaphragm the body and mind starts to relax.

You will probably have tightly clenched fists, rapid shallow breaths, a knot in your stomach, tension in your muscles and a hurried heart rate. Most people would agree that this doesn’t feel good within their body and want to relieve the stress they feel, somehow, anyway. One easy way to do this without hurting yourself or others is to simply breathe. This will swiftly diffuse the tension and make you feel centered and calm.

2.      SALVAGE YOUR SERENITY AND TALK OUT YOUR FEELINGS: Don’t beat yourself up for feeling angry, it happens to the best of us and shouldn’t be labeled a negative vibe. However, letting your anger get the best of you or cloud your judgment will always have an unfavorable outcome. If someone angers you, whether verbally or by action, it’s best to walk away from the situation if you have to in order to avoid unnecessarily lashing out. Though the lashing out may be necessary depending on what was done to anger you so much, it’s still very advisable to walk away. Don’t give anyone the power to control and manipulate your feelings, you alone have full ownership and control over your feelings.

   Once you think you are calm enough to talk, approach the person who made you angry and talk. Talking has done more good than harm in peace resolution, so it’s quite necessary to talk out your feelings and try as much as possible to drive to an agreeable conclusion without getting upset again. Also, when you’re approaching a person who angered you or who you angered, it’s important to address your approach manner. Think of how you’d want others to approach you.


    AVOID CRITICIZING OR PLACING BLAME ON OTHERs: when you call other people out for what they did wrong, they will immediately close up and get defensive. When you are calling out your partner, stick with “I” statement instead, such as “I am upset that you made plans without including me”, rather than, “you never include me in your plans”.

By accusing people directly, you will find that the conversation quickly turns into a battle of the egos rather than a rational, mature discussion of feelings. If you don’t come out at your offender aggressively, they’re most likely to apprehend their mistakes and make amends.

4.       VISUALIZE SOMETHING THAT MAKES YOU HAPPY: We all have something or someone that makes us happy just thinking about them/it. it can be your partner, your pet, your mother, ice cream, your bestie, money, etc. thinking about the things that makes you happy is almost more than enough to divert your anger and calm your nerves.

Anytime you feel angry or you think you’re on the path of anger, visualize that person or thing that makes you happy. Take your mind on a voyage far away from the incident that evoked anger within you, and replace it temporarily with more cheerful thoughts and memories. Then, when you come back to the disconcerting situation, you will have a clearer view and stable mindset to access the situation and find solutions.

1.       FIND HUMOR IN THE SITUATION: Zoom out for a second and remember how short life really is- do you want to spend it taking things too seriously and overreacting when things don’t go the way you intended for them to? Lighten up a bit and remind yourself that people make mistakes; everyone is just trying to do the best they possibly can. At the end of the day, having the ability to laugh at the universe when it sends you a curve-ball can save you a lot or unnecessary stress and wasted emotions.

For instance, if your boyfriend messes up the kitchen you probably spent hours cleaning, instead of flaring up and getting angry; you can bring humor into the situation by telling him he has to earn his dinner by cleaning up his mess. This way, no one gets upset or emotionally worked up,

 

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A 2017 Global Drug Survey (GDS) covering hundreds of thousands of people around the world has ranked recreational drugs from the safest to the most based on how many hospital admissions they lead to.

You may be shocked to know that the least dangerous recreational drugs are not what you expected.

·         Magic mushrooms fall in as the lowest percentage of dangerous emergency ward visits.


Psilocybin mushrooms (AKA magic mushrooms, or shrooms) is the fungi that contains psilocybin, a naturally occurring psychedelic compound. There are more than 180 species of mushrooms that contains psilocybin, or its derivative psilocin. Psilocybin mushrooms have a long history of use in Mesoamerica in spiritual and religious rituals, and are currently one of the most popular recreational psychedelics in the United States and Europe.


Psilocybin mushrooms have been used in therapeutic settings to treat a wide variety of ailments and disorders including cluster headaches, obsessive-compulsive disorders, anxiety, depression, and addiction.

·         Cannabis comes in second place for the lowest percentage of dangerous emergency ward visits.

Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes. The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol; one of 483 known compounds in the plant, including at least 65 other cannabinoids.

·         LSD and Cocaine are merged in the third place.

Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug. It is commonly snorted, inhaled as smoke, or dissolved and injected into a vein. Mental effects may include loss of contact with reality, an intense feeling of happiness, or agitation.


LSD- Lysergic acid diethylamide, also known as acid, is a hallucinogenic drug. Effects typically include altered thoughts, feelings, and awareness of one's surroundings. Many users see or hear things that do not exist. Dilated pupils, increased blood pressure, and increased body temperature are typical.


·         At the other end of the chart, methamphetamine, synthetic cannabis, and alcohol carried the most risk of a trip to the local emergency ward.

·         Leaving MDMA (ecstasy) and amphetamines in the middle of the drug safety table.

The survey took in responses from 115,523 people across more than 50 countries. Nearly 10,000 participants said they had tried magic mushrooms in the past year, with 0.2 percent of those needing a trip to the hospital after their drug-induced trip.

That was the lowest percentage figure in the survey by some distance, but researchers are keen to point out that no drug use is entirely harmless and there are plenty of other threats associated with drugs that don't necessarily land you in the hospital. 

"Combined use [of mushrooms] with alcohol and use within risky or unfamiliar settings increase the risks of harm," the founder of the Global Drug Survey, addiction psychiatrist Adam Winstock had said.


According to Winstock, accidental injury, panic, short-lived confusion, disorientation, and fears of losing one's mind are the most common reasons that magic mushroom users head to the hospital.

In fact, the greatest risk with taking mushrooms is picking the wrong type and getting poisoned, Winstock added. He further said that if you're determined to take a trip, you should choose a safe place with people you trust, and mushrooms you know aren't harmful.

Overall, the hospital visit score card looks like this:

·        Mushrooms: 0.2%

·        Cannabis: 0.6%

·        LSD: 1.0%

·        Cocaine: 1.0%

·        Amphetamine: 1.1%

·        MDMA: 1.2%

·        Alcohol: 1.3%

·        Synthetic cannabis: 3.2%

·        Methamphetamine: 4.8%

Numbers were averaged out across genders, but in most cases, females were found to be at a greater risk.

Since 1999, the Global Drug Survey has been aiming to "make drug use safer regardless of the legal status", which means keeping drug users, healthcare professionals, and policy makers informed about the potential effects of these substances.

If you're going to take one of these drugs, it's vital that you know what you're letting yourself in for - there's no room for complacency, says the GDS team, even with relatively safe recreational drugs.

Being informed includes knowing how long the effects can last.

LSD can affect the body for up to 12 hours, whereas cannabis effects will only last a couple of hours.

The authors behind the report don't condone the use of illegal drugs, but say they're hoping to raise awareness of the do’s and don’ts for each type of substance and cut those hospital admission numbers down.

"People don't tend to abuse psychedelics, they don't get dependent, they don't rot every organ from head to toe, and many would cite their impact upon their life as profound and positive," Winstock told The Guardian, "But you need to know how to use them."

 

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Enuma Okoro is culturally intelligent and we find that very inspiring. With a professional background in Psychology, Communication, Public Speaking and Theology,  through writings focused on African Diasporas, Identity and Belonging, Culture and Narratives, Spiritual formation, Growth and Holistic Wellness she is correcting global stereotypes of Africa.


She has authored four non- fiction books and her writings have been published on NPR, in The New York Times, The Atlantic Monthly, The US/UK Guardian, CNN, The Washington Post, The Huffington Post and Quartz Africa.  


She is passionate about creating content and on days she is not working on a book or writing essays and articles, editing speeches, drafting and editing client documents or creating unique content for organisations, then she is running in heels as a strategic communications consultant, speaking and moderating panels on national and international corporate platforms on issues bordering on but not limited to identity, the global perceptions of multicultural women, and the power of cultural narratives.


In 2017, Enuma spoke at the historic American Church in Paris. She is the second black person after Martin Luther King Jr (in 1965) and the first black woman to have achieved that feat. As a polyglot and passionate student of diverse environments, she uses her unique cultural experiences to highlight the beauty embedded in culture and also sells Africa to the world.


Apart from authoring Celebrating Chinua Achebe, Silence, Reluctant Pilgrim: A Moody Somewhat Self-Indulgent Introvert’s Search for Spiritual Community, Common Prayer: A Liturgy for Ordinary Radicals,  At The Still Point: A Literary Guide to Prayer in Ordinary Time, Talking Taboo: American Christian Woman Get Frank About Faith; Enuma is currently working on her first fiction book.


We definitely cannot wait. Go girl!

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Losing weight is not always a positive experience.


Simply because the world today is revolving into a bagged criticizing space, people no longer feel safe and secured in their own clothes, body, etc. Size 12 and above girls are roughly looking for any means whatsoever to look like models on the cover of a magazine; disregarding the possible psychological and physical side effects of losing weight wrongly or rapidly.

Though this doesn’t necessarily refer the female gender, 95% of these effects still call out to them.

The society has done nothing but poison peoples mindset; in truth, we make up the society and no one is to blame but us. Modeling isn’t just a thing for the slim or skinny girls, it has never been. The earlier we stop body shamming the better for us all.

No matter your personal or innovative motivation for losing weight, the benefits of having a healthy weight are indisputable.

Nutritionist and dietitian experts have spoken about some of the physical and emotional side effects people experience during or after weight loss — and what you could do to avoid or deal with them.

Although everyone who loses weight won't suffer from these things, it's important to be aware of them and to talk to a doctor if they do occur.

·     1. You could develop saggy skin and stretch marks: In a bizarre attempt to transform into a size 10 model you may just end up with skin looking like the bulldog from Tom and Jerry. Saggy skin and stretch marks are results of losing weight rapidly; this is as a result of the skin being unable to shrink as quickly as the body.  "Focus on slow, steady weight loss at a rate of about one to two pounds per week to give the skin time to shrink along with the body."