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   OPINION
1. The Gambia has only one university.

2. Equatorial Guinea is Africa’s only
spanish speaking country.

3. South Africa is the most visited
African country.

4. Nigeria has the richest Black people in Africa.

5. Samuel Eto’o is the highest paid Footballer of all time, he received about £350,000 weekly in Russia in 2011.

6. A person from Botswana is called
a Motswana, the plural is Batswana.
7. A person from Lesotho is called a
Mosotho.

8. A person from Niger is called a
Nigerien.

8. A person from Burkina Faso is called a Burkinabe.

9. Nigeria has won more football
cups than England.

10. Zimbabwe’s President, Robert Gabriel Mugabe is the world’s most educated President with 7 degrees, two of them are Masters.

11. Al-Ahly of Egypt is the richest club in Africa.

12. Didier Drogba is Chelsea’s
highest goalscorer in European competition.

13. Johannesburg, South Africa is
the most visited city in Africa.

14. Zinedine Zidane wanted to play
for Àlgeria, but the selector rejected him, saying they are already many players like him in the team.

15. President Jacob Zuma was given a special award by Fifa for refereeing on Robben Island during his years as a political prisoner.

16. President Robert Mugabe was
jailed for 11 years for fighting for freedom.

17. President Robert Mugabe is
Africa’s oldest Head of State and the world’s second oldest Head of State. He was born in 1924.

18. The Seychelles are the most educated Africans. Seychelles’ literacy rates (Adult: 92%, Youth: 99%) Zimbabwe is 2nd (Adult:
91.2%,Youth: 99%).

19. Rwanda is a better country for
gender equality than England and USA.

20. Somalia got its first ATM on
October 7, 2014.

21. South Africa has the most Grammy award winners in Africa.

22. Ethiopia has the most airports in
Africa.

23. Ethiopia’s economy is growing
faster than China’s.

24. Eritrea’s President, Isaias Afwerki is the least richest President in Africa.

25. Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest
independent country, it has existed for over 3,000 years without
being colonised.

26. Haile Selassie 1 was the 225th
and last Emperor of Ethiopia.

27. Nigeria has the most monarchs
in the world.

28. Angola has more Portuguese
speakers than Portugal.

29. President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos has ruled Angola since 1979.

30. President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo is Africa’s longest serving Head of State. He has ruled Equatorial Guinea since August 3, 1979 when he overthrew his uncle, Francisco Nguema. His son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue is his Vice President and will succeed him if he
resigns. He started ruling Dos Santo

31. George Weah of Liberia is the
first man to win World, European and African footballer of the year
in the same year.

32. Swaziland is the only remaining
absolute mornach in the world.

33. The Gambia is the smallest country in Africa followed by Swaziland.

34. King Sobhuza ll of Swaziland took the longest time in reigning Swaziland, 62 years as he was crowned in 1921 and died in August 1982 at the age of 83 years.

34.1. King Sobhuza II of swaziland, married 70 wives, who gave him 210 children between 1920 and 1970.

35. Zimbabwe is the only country in the world were almost everyone was a billionaire at one point
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Good morning fam and i mistakenly entered an ungodly gist yesterday about girls with my friends after which i decided to write this

Am going to share with you guys, qualities of a good girlfriend, the most important qualities you should consider are the qualities that make the relationship grow and add value to the both of you. after reading please no try ask my relationship status abeg

Different stroke for different folks, but these are the outstanding qualities that make a woman stand out in every man’s heart.

Check them out:

1. Humility
A good girlfriend is not boastful and does not blow her trumpet for her achievements to be recognised.

2. Respectful
A good girlfriend respects everybody that comes her way, no matter their age.

3. Trustworthy and loyal
A good girlfriend does not play games and she keeps her words. She is committed only to her man.

4. Encourages you
A good girlfriend is your best cheer leader. Even when you are wrong, she corrects you lovingly without being judgmental.

5. She is not materialistic
Money and other material possessions are not the most important factors for her. They make life easy and worthwhile though, but to her it is not a criteria and source of happiness.

6. Courteous to your family and friends
A good girlfriend is always ready to make the people you hold dearly comfortable.

7.She's independent
No one gets into a relationship to be a babysitter. If she had a rough day at work, it's great to be her shoulder to cry on. But if she can't seem to function without you, you'll eventually suffocate, and if you are smart you will run for the nearest exit.

8.She makes you want to be a better man
Stop making that face . . . Any man who has a great girlfriend or wife will tell you that she makes him want to be a better man. She doesn't have to say or do anything;
she just has a way of making you feel you want more out of life

Do you have other qualities of a good girlfriend? I will be more than happy to read them via the comment section. Read More
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Have you heard this saying? “It doesn't matter what you know; it matters who you know” Well, to succeed as an entrepreneur, never believe the say. It is a myth that entrepreneurs have to be connected to be successful. There are countless examples of people who immigrated to foreign countries where they knew no one and built huge businesses.

Let me illustrate this with the example of Mr Kammal Budhabatti, the founder and C.E.O of Craft Silicon, a software company based in Kenya. Kammal was born in India and came to Kenya after a friend informed of a data entry job in Nairobi. While working as a data entry clerk, Kammal learnt that a local bank was in desperate need of clearing house software and Kammal decide to write the software on his spare time. When the employer discovered that he was using company resources for his endeavors, he was fired and deported to India. He raised money and came back to Kenya for a second time. When he returned, things were worse. He had very little money on him, so he squatted with a friend in a dinky apartment, spending many sleepless nights perfecting his software. He ate only once a day as he struggled to save money. Kammal did not have connections but through persistence and hard work, he has built Craft Silicon to a company valued at over 50 million U S dollars. Entrepreneurs who realize that connectedness is a myth are forced to rely upon their grit and determination, not some star-studded safety net.

So listen, stop waiting for some godfather or your uncle in government to come your way to hold your hand and give you a heads up where to go and what to do. Start doing what you have to do now, believe in your abilities. Just like the bird sits on a bending tree branch, and believes in the power of her wings in case the branch breaks, you should not be afraid to walk into something new, just be prepared to tackle anything that comes your way through hard work.
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Chioma Victoria Kulume

She is a Fashion Designer and Owner of Victoria Charles Clothings and

Accessories (VCCA) that deals in womenswear, menswear and kidswear.  

She is also a final year student of Psychology in Enugu State University of

Science and Technology (ESUT). She got into the business five years ago in

2011. What makes her designs different from other designers are that she

loves details and always want her clients pieces to be as detailed as possible.

Her inspiration comes from fabrics that she sees, “I see a fabric and I want to

create something beautiful out of them, I start to think about what designs will

go with the fabrics.” Combining academics and being an entrepreneur has

never been easy but Chioma says it’s tough balancing them but she tries not to

let her academics suffer at the same time meeting up clients and deadlines.

She doesn’t have any regrets when it concerns her work. In the next five years,

she believes there will be more branches of VC clothing all over Nigeria and

Africa.

Check her out on IG @victoriacharlesclothing, @vikycharles,

@bridal_by_victoriacharles. You can also reach her by sending her an email on

victoriacharlesclothing@yahoo.com. Read More
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University of Ibadan has emerged the best in Nigeria and the 8th in
Africa..The University established in 1948 was ranked by Journals
Consortium on 1,447 higher institutions. BB

The Journals Consortium arrived at the ranking through research publications and citations
from the last five years (2010 to 2014) as well as visibility on the
internet.

University of Cape Town topped
the rank followed by Cairo
University , and the University of Pretoria at 3rd place..The top 10
include six institutions from South Africa, two from Egypt and one each
from Kenya and Nigeria (University of Ibadan)

Top Universities in Nigeria according to the ranking are:

1. University of Ibadan – (8th in Africa)

2. University of Nigeria, Nsukka (13th in Africa)

3. Ahmadu Bello
University (18th in Africa)

4. University of Lagos (20th in Africa)

5. Obafemi Awolowo University (24th in Africa)

6. University of Ilorin (31st in Africa )

7. University of Port Harcourt (36th in Africa)

6. Nnamdi
Azikiwe University (42nd in Africa)

7. University of Calabar (43rd in Africa)

8. Federal University of Technology, Akure (49th in Africa),

9. Covenant University (53rd in Africa) (only private university)
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Airtel said it had raised $1.3 billion with the sale of its mobile towers in five African countries from Helios Towers, IHS Plc and American Tower Company. The proceeds will go towards reducing the $10 billion debt used in its African operations in 2010.

Last month, Airtel said a proposed deal with Helios Towers in Tanzania and Chad had expired without a final agreement. Airtel does still work with Helios in other countries. The India-based operator said it was negotiating similar deals with six other countries in Africa. Under the original agreement, Airtel said it would sell around 3,100 towers in four countries to Helios.

Helios on its part said in a statement that it “places great value on its business partnership with Airtel and will continue to work with them in Tanzania and elsewhere, including Congo Brazzaville where HTA recently closed a similar transaction with Airtel.”

In February, Airtel said it completed the sale of some towers in Rwanda and Zambia to IHS, and America Tower just announced it completed the acquisition of Airtel towers in Nigeria. Airtel said the deal will see Airtel mobile subscribers enjoy more stable networks, higher network uptimes in which to make calls and a more universal service across the country.

IHS acquired over 200 towers from Airtel, helping the operator to leverage through significantly reducing ongoing capital expenditure on passive infrastructure. IHS has been in management of the passive infrastructure since February 1. IHS has also acquired Airtel towers in Zambia, bringing the total number of acquired towers in the two countries to 1,100.
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Check out the winners at the 2015 BET Awards below!

Best New Artist
Sam Smith (WINNER)
Dej Loaf
Fetty Wap
Rae Sremmurd
Tinashe

Best Male Hip-Hop Artist
Kendrick Lamar (WINNER)
J. Cole
Drake
Common
Big Sean
Wale

Best Female Hip-Hop Artist
Nicki Minaj (WINNER)
Azealia Banks
Tink
Iggy Azalea
Trina
Dej Loaf

Best Actor
Terrence Howard (WINNER)
Anthony Anderson
Idris Elba
Jussie Smollett
Kevin Hart

Centric Award
The Weeknd – “Earned It” (WINNER)
Avery Sunshine – “Call My Name”
Jazmine Sullivan – “Dumb (feat. Meek Mill)”
Mark Ronson – “Uptown Funk (feat. Bruno Mars)”
Sam Smith – “Stay with Me (feat. Mary J. Blige)”

Humanitarian Award
Tom Joyner

Ultimate Icon: Music Dance Visual Award
Janet Jackson

Fandemonium Award
Chris Brown

Best Female R&B/Pop Artist
Beyoncé
Janelle Monáe
Jhené Aiko
Ciara
Rihanna (WINNER)
K. Michelle

Best Male R&B/Pop Artist
Chris Brown (WINNER)
The Weeknd
John Legend
Trey Songz
Usher
August Alsina

Best Group
A$AP Mob
Migos
Rae Sremmurd (WINNER)
Rich Gang
Young Money
Jodeci

Best Collaboration
Chris Brown – “Loyal (feat. Lil Wayne & Tyga)”
Big Sean – “I Don’t F**k with You (feat. E-40)”
August Alsina – “No Love (Remix) [feat. Nicki Minaj]”
Common & John Legend – “Glory” (WINNER)
Chris Brown – “New Flame (feat. Usher & Rick Ross)”
Mark Ronson – “Uptown Funk (feat. Bruno Mars)”

Best Actress
Gabrielle Union
Kerry Washington
Taraji P. Henson (WINNER)
Tracee Ellis Ross
Viola Davis

Youngstars Award
Jacob Latimore
Jaden Smith
Mo’Ne Davis (WINNER)
Quevenzhané Wallis
Zendaya

Best Movie
Annie
Beyond the Lights
Selma (WINNER)
Think Like a Man Too
Top Five

Best Gospel Artist
Deitrick Haddon
Erica Campbell
Fred Hammond
Lecrae
Mali Music
Michelle Williams

Video of the Year
Beyoncé – “7/11″ (WINNER)
Chris Brown – “New Flame (feat. Usher & Rick Ross)”
Chris Brown – “Loyal (feat. Lil Wayne & Tyga)”
Big Sean – “I Don’t F**k with You (feat. E-40)”
Nicki Minaj – “Anaconda”
Common & John Legend – “Glory”

Video Director of the Year
Benny Boom
Beyoncé, Ed Burke & Todd Tourso (WINNER)
Chris Robinson
Fatima Robinson
Hype Williams

Sportswoman of the Year
Brittney Griner
Candace Parker
Serena Williams
Skylar Diggins
Venus Williams (WINNER)

Sportsman of the Year
Chris Paul
Floyd Mayweather, Jr.
Lebron James
Marshawn Lynch
Stephen Curry (WINNER)

Coca-Cola Viewers’ Choice Award
Beyoncé – “7/11″
Dej Loaf – “Try Me”
Kendrick Lamar – “i”
Nicki Minaj – “Only feat. Drake, Lil Wayne & Chris Brown)” (WINNER)
Rae Sremmurd – “Throw Sum Mo (feat. Nicki Minaj & Young Thug)”
The Weeknd – “Earned It”

Best International Act: Africa

AKA (South Africa)
Fally Ipupa (DR Congo)
Sarkodie (Ghana)
Sauti Sol (Kenya)
Stonebwoy (Ghana) (WINNER)
The Soil (South Africa)
Wizkid (Nigeria)
Yemi Alade (Nigeria)

Best International Act: U.K.

fka Twigs
Fuse ODG
Lethal Bizzle
Little Simz
Mnek
Stormzy (WINNER)
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When it comes to studying business in Africa, students are spoilt for choice with some of the best schools in the world situated right here in the continent. It is indicative of the emerging economy that business subjects have grown in popularity and demand, and long may that continue.

10 The American University in Cairo

The School of Business has a focus on professional programmes and is widely recognised for is high quality programmes. The school prides itself on building these programmes on a solid liberal arts foundation, which provides graduates with the background needed to understand the world in which they will live and work.

9 The University of Nairobi

The University of Nairobi is the pioneer institution of University education in Kenya and the region. It was established in 1964 and the Business School is split into three departments, Finance and Accounting, Business Administration and Management Service.  It is the leading business school in the Eastern African region attracting students from neighbouring countries with large Alumni found at both public and private sectors of Kenya.

8 The United States International University

The US International University is actually the oldest private university in Eastern Africa and is based in Nairobi, Kenya. The school provides broad-based and top quality education, which prepares its students for professional schools and beyond. The curriculum aims to help students accomplish high levels in their chosen fields and promotes multi-culturalism and global understanding overall.

7 The Management College of Southern Africa (MANCOSA)

MANCOSA has 100 percent, Black ownership. It is consequently, owned entirely by previously disadvantaged individuals in the South African context The school’s programs cover areas of business administration, commerce, tourism management, functional management and leadership and range from Certificate programmes to Masters’ degrees. It is a private institution with a vast network of academic and intellectual capacity in the region.

6 The University of Stellenbosch Business School

The University Of Stellenbosch Business School (USB) is a leading provider of internationally accredited postgraduate management degrees and executive education in South Africa. The Business School places a great deal of emphasis on leadership development and provides its students with global qualifications that serve them greatly all over the world.

5 UNISA – The University of South Africa Graduate School of Business Leadership

Unisa is regarded as one of the top three business schools in South Africa and has produced more than a third of all the MBL/MBA degrees awarded by South African universities since its inception. More than 150 of the MBL graduates appear in the Who’s Who of Southern Africa, and many SBL alumni hold senior positions in world-class companies.

4 The University of Dar es Salaam Business School (UBDS)

University of Dar es Salaam Business School (UDBS) came into existence in 2008. Measured by the strength of its staff in teaching, research and consultancy; plus the breadth and quality of undergraduate and postgraduate programmes and extensive training and consultancy programs in business, entrepreneurship and management, UDBS is one of the leading institutions in business and management research, teaching and consultancy in the Sub-Saharan region.

3 WITS University, SA

The Graduate School of Business Administration, otherwise known as the Wits Business School (WBS) was established in 1968. The prime mission of the School is to establish and maintain excellence in scholarship in business management, through the promotion of research and teaching, in the various disciplines that fall under business management. The School is entirely postgraduate in nature, but offers an extensive range of certificate and executive programmes to experienced executives.

2 The Gordon Institute of Business Science (GIBS),
University of Pretoria
The Institute was established in 2000 to be a place where people with potential, healthy ambition and respect for best practice are willing to engage like-minded peers and colleagues. The website says that is hoped GIBS be a business school for and from the business community. Positioned in Sandton, Johannesburg, it partner with leading companies and are fortunate to attract the type of person to this campus who wants to make a significant impact.

1 The University of Cape Town

The UCT Graduate School of Business offers one of the most innovative Executive MBA courses in the world. It is home to the only full-time African MBA ranked in the top 100 by the prestigious Financial Times and with full EQUIS accreditation from the European Foundation for Management Development and AMBA accreditation from the Association of MBAs. The school is renowned for being among the best in the world. The GSB is committed to making business better. With its roots in Africa, it focuses on emerging market business and its teaching and research is geared towards driving development and understanding in this context. The award-winning business school has been voted the Best Business School in Africa for three years running. It takes a four-pronged approach to excellence that combines academic rigour, societal relevance, innovation in teaching and thought leadership to transform its students.
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A few weeks ago, on my way from Dire Dawa to the historical city of Harar, in eastern Ethiopia, I came across a minivan that had an intriguing message on the rear window. It read as follows: “If you don’t see my mirrors, I can’t see you.” This funny message put me on a thinking tailspin, as I realised what a wonderful metaphor it was for our continent’s current moment.

Day in, day out, we struggle to contain any bad news that might perturb a new, robust narrative that will reaffirm the new Africa. It is sometimes a thankless task when confronted with the sceptical eyes of so many makers of mainstream public opinion. It is, nevertheless, a task that no Ebola, Boko Haram, bad electoral process or commodity price downfall should discourage us from accomplishing. It has taken too long for African’s to regain a sense of urgency about constructing a common future. This is not new. And it requires renewed agency, as articulated well in the jubilee celebration of Africa’s mother institution, the African Union.

Many still don’t see us because their mirrors are hidden. Africans on the other hand can only move ahead, or overtake my metaphoric minivan, if we make sure that others see and feel what we are up to, and are aware of what we consider to be an imperative.

I believe the construction of Africa’s future will obviously benefit from Africans’ own actions. That by itself does not necessarily mean it would be driven by Africans. The nuanced difference between being “part of” and “being the driver of” the transformation of one’s reality is indeed what matters. After so much suffering and so many missed opportunities, the time has come for Africa to claim its future.

I can see three imperatives that justify a call for action: a historical imperative, a development imperative and a moral imperative.

The roots of contemporary pessimism or scepticism about Africa’s prospects are old. Suffice to say that during the European Renaissance, many authors and thinkers contributed to firming up various papal bulls that gave the right for colonisation to the explorer Kings; all the way to the diminishing portraying of blacks in the works of famous painters such as Pigafetta, Rubens, Velázquez or Rigaud; the depiction of the region in the still-used Mercator scale maps; or the philosophical construct that Egypt was detached from the rest of the continent. Hegel, the German philosopher, captured the essence of the message by proclaiming that Africans had no history before the arrival of the Europeans.

The spread of slavery, the other historical denial, fragmented identities definition with ethnic classification and physical anthropology dealing with diversity as if it was an entomological challenge. These were some of the dire consequences of such contempt.

What followed is familiar. The response too is well celebrated. Africans have shown over the past five decades an agency that has ridden the continent from the shackles of brutal exploitation and discrimination. If in 2013 there was a pause for reflection, it was because too much celebration makes one dizzy. If we grow, have less conflicts, expand democratic processes, increase women’s participation, claim more control over our own resources, we are fine, aren’t we?

No, we are not, and one good demonstration of it is the fact that the pessimistic and sceptical view prevails, outside and in many instances inside Africa. That is the reason we have a historical imperative to change not just our reality but also the perceptions about our reality!

There is an accepted principle that ownership is central to the success of any enterprise undertaken by Homo sapiens. Ownership is essential to overcome the problems of agency in any strategy, programme or project that requires implementation.

If Africa does not take ownership of its own development trajectory, then either others will do so or, worse still, the future of the continent will be left to the vagaries of chance. Africa must avoid the dangers and pitfalls inherent in adopting received paradigms wholesale. It cannot continue to fall prey to different and sometimes ulterior motives of some actors on the international scene.

For Africa to determine its own future, the thinking underpinning its political, economic and social development must come from the continent and its diaspora. Of course, this is a contentious point in the sense that the generation or use of knowledge should not be constrained by geographical or indeed psychological barriers. After all, ownership of ideas is nonsensical. What matters in fact is ownership of a different kind since all ideas, learning and knowledge are welcomed, no matter where they come from.

The experience of structural adjustment programmes in Africa has shown that there are merits in policy flowing from the indigenisation of knowledge. Many induced frameworks displayed great ignorance about the state of African economies and their institutional underpinnings.

What is perhaps of even greater concern is that while African countries were struggling to ‘get prices right’, countries in East Asia were doing the precise opposite and obtaining stellar results in economic transformation. Thus, while the late 1980s and 1990s came to be known as Africa’s lost decades, the East Asian economies were becoming manufacturing powerhouses which created employment and improved social conditions for their people. They also became incredible exporting machines that took great advantage of unilateral trade liberalisation and concomitant de-industrialisation in Africa. In other words, countries that have been successful in terms of development determined their own future.

If Africans do not occupy the policy space vacated in the recent past, thanks to the various crises that shook the pillars of the financial system and facilitated the emergence of new South engines of growth, they may not have another chance. This makes the case for a development imperative.

It is also vital for Africa to determine its own future because of the responsibility that the current generation must have to future generations. If current trends remain the same, Africa is projected to have the most youthful population in the world within 50 years. It would certainly be wrong – given the current opportunities of above average growth – to bequeath the legacy of a laggard continent to future generations. This becomes even more unconscionable if we consider that we are using up the mineral wealth and natural resources of the continent and its oceans, at a very fast rate. As the rest of the world gears up to adapt to mega trends arising from demographic, technological and environmental shifts, it is imperative that our generation should set Africa on a track of sustained and sustainable development.

Ownership and a sense of inter-temporal responsibility are, however, not enough for Africa to determine its own future. Vision is also required. This is quite easily demonstrated from the sphere of private business, where second generations have inherited the family business and run it aground because they lack the vision and entrepreneurship of the founders.

I should make it very clear at this stage that Africa has not lacked visionaries. This continent has also had its share of frameworks which in many ways were attempts to encapsulate a vision for its future, such as the Lagos Plan of Action, the Abuja Treaty and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). The challenge all along has been that the visions were not accompanied by continental frameworks, but were instead implemented at the national level.

Similarly, as its name implies, a document like the Lagos Plan of Action was not intended as a vision document. Thus, while it contained uplifting language about self-reliance, it was not underpinned by an all-encompassing vision. More critical, however, is that it was not given the opportunity to be implemented due to competing and perhaps more powerful external forces that imposed a different pathway for Africa’s development. That world view saw the African State – and its primary tool of planning – as being at the very root of the economic problems facing the continent. The response therefore was to roll back the State, abandon planning and get prices right!

Is this time around any different?

Following the 2008/2009 financial debacle, it became clear that the response to economic crisis, and indeed to development, had to be more nuanced and diverse. Blueprints with universal ambition died. What the Keynesians and their East Asian adherents had known all along about the positive and mutually reinforcing role of states and markets suddenly became clear to all and sundry. For its part, Africa weathered the storm of the global crisis better than most other regions and the narrative shifted from that of a ‘hopeless continent’ to that of ‘Africa rising’.

This was the background against which the African Union celebrated its 50th anniversary, in 2013. Africa’s leaders felt that it was important to build on current progress while fully cognisant of lessons of the past, and accordingly adopted Agenda 2063 as the long-term vision for continental development.

Given that Agenda 2063 arose from wide-ranging consultations with all sectors of society and relevant stakeholders, it must be seen as an improvement from the past. However, no matter how extensive, consultations do not by themselves lead to high-quality plan documents or even implementation. This is important because as of yet there are no grounds for over-enthusiasm: indeed, average growth of 5% since the beginning of the century has still not translated into decent jobs and the elimination of large pockets of poverty and pervasive inequality.The negative perceptions about Africa will catch up with the wonderful intentions once again if we do not construct a reality that matches the aspirations of the continent, particularly its too much neglected youth and women. This is the moral imperative.

In my view, the most important component of Agenda 2063 is the clear commitment to the structural transformation of the continent. Put simply, Africa must industrialise for sustained growth and to generate jobs and extract maximum value addition from its natural resources. This in turn requires credible macroeconomic frameworks, infrastructural development and adequate financing. We must remember while articulating macroeconomic frameworks to underpin structural transformation that the benefits of austerity are at the best short-term and sometimes even damaging to the very foundations of structural transformation.

The important role of infrastructure in supporting structural transformation is quite clear from the physical evidence around us and the plethora of initiatives that have been launched to attract and ensure financing for infrastructure projects, especially power, rail, road and aviation projects. To be viable and indeed useful for structural transformation, these projects must be of a transnational, regional nature. There are two challenges to be overcome in this regard. The first relates to ensuring a harmonised policy and regulatory environment for such investments.  The second challenge pertains to paying for all these projects, while at the same time raising resources for investment in farms and factories and for the delivery of social services. Innovative sources of funding based particularly on the potential for domestic resources are now on the agenda.

The message on the rear window of the minivan was for all those who drive by. In our case our leaders are driving. If they cannot see the mirrors of the minivan the message is that they are not seen either. They can have an accident. They can miss the overtaking. They can keep driving slowly behind the front car. They can fall asleep. They can just accept their bad luck and change their plans and arrive late. Or they can make themselves seen, and more importantly, felt. If the latter happens… it means they have understood Africa’s imperative to determine its own future!

Carlos Lopes is executive secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. The article was first published on his blog http://www.uneca.org
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Business today is extremely dynamic, involving more and more stakeholders who demand greater amounts of input and control than ever before.

Trying to find a silver bullet solution to these kinds of complex issues is akin to spotting a unicorn ordering a double macchiato at your local Starbucks SBUX -0.33%.

Culture is inherently a multi-faceted concept and, thus, there is no single solution that’s going to align everyone in your organization to reach your goals.

Typically, true culture transformation requires a multi-pronged approach to achieve the results you require.

For example, clarifying and aligning stakeholders about the strategy, providing tools and skills so people can do what you are asking of them and adapting systems and processes to improve work flow might all be potential intervention efforts to get things moving in the right direction.

 Source: Forbes.
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