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Ethiopia has declared a state of emergency, a day after the country's prime minister abruptly resigned.


The measure was announced on Friday by the Council of Ministers, the Ethiopian government's cabinet, according to state broadcaster EBC.


Local media said the measure is effective as of Friday, but it was not immediately clear how long it would last.


Quoting an unnamed source "close to the government", the Addis Standard newspaper reported that the Council was debating whether to make the measure span three or six months.


In August 2017, Ethiopia lifted a 10-month state of emergency imposed after hundreds of people were killed in anti-government protests demanding wider political freedoms.


Ethiopia's Oromo and Amhara people - who make up about 61 percent of the country's population - have staged mass demonstrations since 2015 demanding greater political inclusion and an end to human rights abuses.


Jawar Mohammed, an Oromo rights activist and head of the Oromia Media Network, said the state of emergency declaration was "unnecessary, unhelpful and unwise".


"The best way to ensure stability at this time is not to declare state of emergency that was tested and failed," Mohammed wrote on Facebook earlier on Friday.


Felix Horne, a Human Rights Watch researcher on Ethiopia, said during the last state of emergency - the first in 25 years - more than 20,000 people were arrested.


"Those released speak about how it has only angered them further. It didn't work then, what does [the government] hope to achieve now?" Horne wrote on Twitter.


Political uncertainty

Hailemariam, who has sat at the helm of the Ethiopian government since 2012, announced on Thursday he would be stepping down as prime minister and head of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) coalition.


He cited ongoing "unrest and a political crisis" in the country as major factors in his resignation, which he described as "vital in the bid to carry out reforms that would lead to sustainable peace and democracy".


Hailemariam said he will stay on as prime minister in a caretaker capacity, until the EPRDF and the country's parliament accept his resignation and name a replacement.


The executive committees of both the EPRDF and his own party within the coalition, the Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement, have so far accepted his decision to step down.


Tsedale Lemma, editor-in-chief of Addis Standard, said there has been a political struggle within the ruling party since the death of former prime minister, Meles Zenawi, in 2012.


Appointing a new prime minister from within the Oromo community would be "a conciliatory gesture", Lemma said.


But whomever replaces Hailemariam, she said Ethiopia "needs a very serious political surgery to heal it from its structural [disfunction]", which would include dismantling repressive laws and strengthening the independence of the judiciary.


Mulatu Gemechu, deputy secretary of the opposition Oromo Federalist Congress, said earlier on Friday that Ethiopia needs a new political system after years of unrest.


"Ethiopians now need a government that respects their rights, not one that keeps beating and killing them," he told Reuters news agency.

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Uzo Umeh is a Los Angeles based restauranteur curating gourmet Mexican food in Lagos, Nigeria. She shares her experience with Starting and running a business.


FROM HAVING AN IDEA TO STARTING YOUR BUSINESS, SHARE YOUR JOURNEY WITH US


From December 2014 to June 2015, I worked as a branding and communications lead for VFD Group at Lagos Island. Within that time I decided to go back to Los Angeles to further my career in the restaurant industry. However, as a Mexican food lover, I noticed that there was a disconnect in what was being served as Mexican food at the time in Lagos and it’s cost. That’s where the idea came from, while I was working in LA, I began building my El Padrino brand and putting into practice what I wanted to accomplish in Nigeria. In June 2017, I returned to Lagos and started curating.


WHY DO YOU LOVE WHAT YOU DO? THERE ARE SO MANY OTHER BUSINESSES YOU COULD HAVE EXPLORED, WHY THIS?


I love interacting with people and witnessing the joy a good food experience brings them. Most of all, I love bringing people together and food helps me do that.


AT WHAT POINT DID YOU KNOW BEYOND ALL DOUBT THAT THIS IS GOING TO WORK?


I haven’t gotten to that point yet, and I am not sure if I will. However, I am grateful that people enjoy my food and I keep working hard so that more people can.


HOW DID YOU RAISE THE CAPITAL TO START YOUR BUSINESS, ESPECIALLY WITH THE HIGH COST OF RUNNING BUSINESSES IN NIGERIA?


A couple mentors helped me with some money to get off the ground and since we are running a somewhat lean model by being a mobile pop up, it was easier to get them on board.


HOW SOON DID YOU START MAKING PROFITS?


Because we locally source our ingredients and have very little fixed costs, we were able to maximize our margins from the start.


BRILLIANT IDEAS DON’T ALWAYS MEAN GREAT SALES, HOW HAS IT BEEN MARKETING YOUR SERVICES?


It has been fun, we are new in the space and we are very adventurous with our online and offline marketing. There is a conventional way of selling high-quality food without an actual restaurant; we are making our own rules as we go.


AS A SMALL BUSINESS OWNER YOU CAN’T DO EVERYTHING, WHAT HAS BEEN YOUR EXPERIENCE HIRING STAFF AND BUILDING YOUR TEAM?


I have been lucky! Though it was not an easy start – especially when you are looking for high-quality staff for what is not typically considered high-quality work. The harder part of our job is getting reliable dispatch, other than that I have two assistants with me that I am incredibly grateful for and look to build with.


YOUR GREATEST SKILL/STRENGTHS THAT HAVE BEEN PARTICULARLY BEEN OF HELP IN STARTING AND RUNNING YOUR BUSINESS?


I listen often, filter through the noise frequently and just keep making moves.


DID YOU HAVE TO GET A FORMAL TRAINING OR QUALIFICATION TO BE ABLE TO DO THIS?


I have a 10-year restaurant background including general management, and I am a certified ServSafe Manager in California which pertains to proper food handling practices.


YOU HAVE BEEN RUNNING YOUR BUSINESS FOR SOME TIME NOW, WHAT DO YOU KNOW NOW THAT YOU WISHED YOU HAD KNOWN BEFORE YOU STARTED?


I wish I honed the phrase, “Prepare for the best, expect the worst,” a bit more in the beginning.


ANY LIFE EXPERIENCE THAT HAS PARTICULARLY PREPARED YOU DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY FOR WHAT YOU DO NOW?


I cannot pinpoint one in particular but I believe that every leadership opportunity and restaurant I have worked at prepared me for what I do now.


CHANGE CAN BRING OUT A PART OF US WE NEVER KNEW EXISTED, WHAT NEW THINGS HAVE YOU DISCOVERED ABOUT YOURSELF IN THE COURSE OF STARTING AND RUNNING YOUR BUSINESS?


I didn’t think I would be able to handle accounting but when you are paying salaries and not just waiting for a paycheck, you have to watch numbers carefully.


THE GREATEST BUSINESS ADVICE YOU HAVE EVER RECEIVED AND BY WHO?


One of my mentors, Nonso Okpala told me once that the most important thing in business is to stay in business.


WHAT DO YOU THINK ARE ESSENTIAL SKILLS FOR WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS ESPECIALLY IN NIGERIA?


Don’t be afraid to be yourself – in its entirety. Wear what you want, talk how you please (with respect of course), try when you want. There are no rules, find your Beyoncé and be the woman, your god intended.


credit women.ng

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Every military barrack in Nigeria has one thing in common; a mammy market. A mammy market is a place close to the barracks, where soldiers’ interact and buy their day-to-day needs.


However, many do not know that mammy market was named after a woman, Mammy Ochefu, the wife of the late military governor of the defunct East-Central state, Col. Anthony Aboki Ochefu.


Mammy started the sale of enyi (a local non-alcoholic beverage similar to Kunun Zaki) in 1955 in Enugu barracks just to support her husband in taking care of the family.


Although, her husband initially declined as soldiers’ wives were known to stay at home and take care of the family, but when mammy told her husband it was to support him, he grudgingly accepted.


When Mammy started her business, people started complaining about flies, so, she stopped the business for a week. However, her customers who liked the drink, put pressure on her so much that a Lieutenant Colonel ordered a kiosk to be built for her.


Sadly, her family was posted out of Enugu to Abeokuta but Mammy continued the business wherever her family was posted to, while she added snacks that would interest the soldiers’.


Interestingly, whenever her family was transferred to another state, she would hand over the business to women who were interested in it but asked that the name of the business be retained.


Mammy registered her business as “Mammy Market” in 1971. By the time her husband retired, the business had grown into a supermarket and a transport business.


In an interview with Tribune, Mammy Ochefu explained that military officers like General Ibrahim Babangida, Ikya, Ejiga, Ataua Dickson, including President Muhammadu Buhari patronized her business.


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As innocent as children are, they can be bothered about what someone thinks of them, and in trying to impress people, they lose their dreams and childhood.


There is always something new to learn from Aunty Betty Irabor, in an Instagram post she listed the 8 things she would do differently if she had the chance to live her childhood all over again. Simple but really powerful.


She said,


If I were to live my childhood all over again, there are many things I would do differently …


I will raise my hand in class and ask “stupid” questions and risk being laughed at.


I will not give up my passion for sports ( hurdles) because someone said my knocked knees were pronounced when I ran,


I will make more effort in my math class even though Mrs. Osho called me olodo,


I will smile more because it enhances my beauty.


I will not play victim because I was raised by a single mum,


I Will face and challenge my demons instead of running away,


I will fight back and get my hands dirty instead of always recoiling.


I will appreciate that I have invisible wings and that all I need to do is flap my hands and fly..


But thank God I got a chance to be all that I thought I couldn’t be… It’s morning yet..


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Nationwide there is an astonishing amount of girls that are not a formal education.


On Thursday, February 1, 2018, the Director-General of the National Institute for Educational Planning and Administration (NIEPA) Prof. Lilian Salami has stated that over 5.5 million school-age girls are out of school in Nigeria.

Salami said this during the opening ceremony of a 5-day 2018 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) training for head teachers and policymakers on girl education at the headquarters of the institute in Ondo State.


“The education sector is bedeviled with a lot of challenges, revealing that “one-third of all girls are out of school in Nigeria, amounting to over 5.5 million school-age girls, not in school.”


Salami also said that “Net enrolment rates for girls at primary level are 5% lower than for boys; gross enrolments at junior secondary school level follow this trend. Both figures hover around 50%. This falls far short of the targets SDGs.”


She added that data reveals very little progress in universal access to primary schooling in the last decade.


Salami listed series of factors militating against the achievements of the continental and global goals to include, “Gender disparities in access to basic education are compounded by interrelated regional, wealth and residence inequalities in access and completion.”


Salami noted that the stakeholders are being trained on the SDG agenda to ensure quality education and opportunities for lifelong education for all.


She said that the agenda lays particular emphasis on the need to ensure that all girls and boys enjoy a full, free and quality primary and secondary education.

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OPINION
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As innocent as children are, they can be bothered about what someone thinks of them, and in trying to impress people, they lose their dreams and childhood.


There is always something new to learn from Aunty Betty Irabor, in an Instagram post she listed the 8 things she would do differently if she had the chance to live her childhood all over again. Simple but really powerful.


She said,


If I were to live my childhood all over again, there are many things I would do differently …


I will raise my hand in class and ask “stupid” questions and risk being laughed at.


I will not give up my passion for sports ( hurdles) because someone said my knocked knees were pronounced when I ran,


I will make more effort in my math class even though Mrs. Osho called me olodo,


I will smile more because it enhances my beauty.


I will not play victim because I was raised by a single mum,


I Will face and challenge my demons instead of running away,


I will fight back and get my hands dirty instead of always recoiling.


I will appreciate that I have invisible wings and that all I need to do is flap my hands and fly..


But thank God I got a chance to be all that I thought I couldn’t be… It’s morning yet..


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I have always found it weird but mostly hilarious when you read online that someone died during sex. I often wonder if the heart’s ecstasy limit was over stretched and the individual couldn’t take it no more and just had to pass on to the next world. Of course science has explanation for virtually everything you throw at it

 

On a more serious note though, a study conducted by a leading American medical journal has revealed that each additional hour of sexual activity per week results in an increased risk of 2-3 myocardial infarctions (heart attacks) and one sudden cardiac death per 10,000 person-years. This simply spells for someone who doesn’t exercise regularly, marathon sex is not advised.  This makes the heart pump really fast and can induce a heart attack. Further studies show that majority of deaths due to cardiovascular causes during sex do occur in men. Although generally considered to be safe, Viagra use has been linked to sudden cardiovascular death during sexual activity among elderly or otherwise infirm men.

 

Researchers also say that prescription or recreational drugs, such as cocaine can also possibly contribute to unexpected deaths during consensual sex.

On research I found that some notable individuals who died during or after sex have been recorded including a president, prime minster and a pope...



·         Lord Palmerston, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, died in 1865 is believed to have died following a brief illness after allegedly having sex on a billiard table with a maid. However, this account is disputed with some sources claiming that he died of pneumonia.


·         Although disputed by many historians, Félix Faure, president of France from 1895 to 1899, is believed to have died while allegedly receiving oral sex from his apparent mistress, Marguerite Steinheil. Some eyewitnesses have claimed that he was in a state of partial undress. The exact cause of his death was recorded as a cerebral haemorrhage.


·         Hollywood actor Matthew McConaughey's father Jack allegedly died while having sexual intercourse with his wife in 1992.


·         In what is believed to be the earliest recorded account, Pope John XII is said to have died of a paralytic stroke suffered while allegedly having sex with a woman named Stefanetta on 14 May 964. Some researchers opine that he may have been beaten to death by the woman's husband during the act.


·         Former Vice President of the United States and heir to the Rockefeller family fortune, Nelson Rockefeller, is said to have died in 1979 of a heart attack at age 70, rumoured to have been caused by an orgasm during sexual intercourse with his assistant.

 

 

 

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African manifestation of intellectual achievement in terms of social wealth and political power has always been marginalized against women. As much as we would like to declare that women are being empowered especially in the 21st century, we can’t also argue that it is far from being balanced.  As an African woman, it is hard to equate the need for social accomplishment and needs of the home.  Sparingly, the society stigmatizes you on the blanket of respect.

 There is an aloof recognition of your efforts but a glaring disapproval that you are incomplete. Women who pursue their careers in their early years always discover that when they get to the apex, there is no man to build a home with. Few African men would want to marry a woman who earns more than he does. Sentimental arguments like ‘she won’t respect me’,’ who will take care of the home’ et cetera begin to rise up. It is always assumed that a highly placed career or political woman automatically loses her humility making her unable to submit to the ‘Alpha’ male.

For women, it’s a choice; power, fame and success or a family. They almost can’t have both. Women, who do, struggle to stay afloat. A recent study by BBC Africa showed that just 5% of CEOs in Africa are women; the huge left over of 95% is dominated by men.

Asides that, if the ‘woman’ were to be in that position and unmarried, she is either surrounded by feeble minded men who just want to play on her emotions and feed off her money or she is surrounded by gossips, who say the real source of her money is a ‘man’ in the background, or still, she is surrounded by family who tells her to reduce her standards so she can find a man. Social media hasn’t helped a bit. A woman is termed popular or social if she has quite a number of followers and likes.  Since the beginning of time, women have always been competitive beings, being the way they are raised, to outshine one another to get the best deal off the husband market. Social media provided the best ring for this fight. Competitors arise to hinder, with spectators to cheer on.

If one gets a lot of likes, she is very beautiful, regardless of her character, composure, attitude, mental IQ, skills as a woman and innate talent. It all doesn’t matter. She could dress carelessly, using crude words, abuse makeup and filters and get a lot of likes. She feels she has friends, she is liked and people just love her. She gradually slips into an illusion, of a non-existent life. At a certain age, where her beauty and social media life cant rescue her anymore she’s willing to do anything to keep relevant. On the other hand, a well-trained young woman, with a nice character, excellent IQ, and independent but not fun on social media, feels she doesn’t have friends; she gradually starts to change herself, wear less, starts talking crude and focuses on maintaining a fake life just to be liked by non-existent people. Being a woman is hard. Women are constantly shamed for everything.

No boobs? Damn. Grow some. Big boobs? Cover yourself, don’t be so vulgar. No ass? Everyone will laugh at you. Ass? Well, better cover yourself, you don’t want to draw attention to that ass. Short? You need to wear heels. Tall? Worse. You can’t be taller than men. Skinny? You have to gain weight because nobody likes ‘a bag of bones’. Chubby? Lose weight! Do you know how fat you’ll be when you have children? No makeup? Please take care of yourself. Don’t be so lazy. Makeup? It looks like its only painting herself that this one knows. Career? Good for you! But I hope there’s a man in your life and he doesn’t mind. No career? Haba no man wants a liability now o”

 

Everybody is trying to paint the picture of a perfect life and trying to ‘belong’.  Kenyan Nobel laureate Wangari Maathai opined; ‘African women need to know that it’s OK for them to be the way they are as strength, and to be liberated from fear and silence.’ 

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ENTREPRENUER
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ENTERTANMENT
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SPORTS
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Jurgen Klopp says Arsenal striker Alexis Sanchez’s reported decision to join Manchester United ahead of Premier league leaders Manchester City is being dictated by money.

City almost signed the Chilean International at the start of the season before Arsenal pulled the plug at the last minute.

But United came in under the radar and met the Gunner’s demands in the shape of Mkhitaryan, while the saga prompted some suggestions Sanchez has chosen the Red Devils over the Citizens because of the money on offer.

Klopp believes that the 29-year-old is a great player and he “makes sense” for any club in the world.

“Now I could really create headlines here, but I won’t,” Klopp said with a smile when asked about the Chile international at his news conference on Friday.

“It’s not my business, not my cup of tea; we had our big transfers and everyone could say whatever they wanted.

“I’ve nothing to say about the numbers [involved in the deal], but I can’t imagine City leave the race because of money.

“Maybe it’s because there are two opportunities in Manchester and maybe he thinks to go to one or the other, and then one maybe thinks, ‘I don’t want him [Sanchez] anymore’. It’s not about money.

“Alexis makes sense for pretty much each team in the world because he’s a great player. It makes sense, so bring him in whenever. He’s a really good player, we are not in for him and that’s all I’m interested in,” he said.

 

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Nigeria have been docked two points for fielding an ineligible player in a World Cup qualifier against Algeria but their place at next year's finals in Russia has not been affected, FIFA said on Tuesday.

Nigeria, who had already qualified for the finals, drew 1-1 but FIFA awarded the match to Algeria by a 3-0 scoreline after the Super Eagles fielded the ineligible Abdullahi Shehu who had failed to serve a one-match ban for accumulated yellow cards.

"This sanction bears no impact on the final result of the preliminary competition for the FIFA World Cup since Nigeria had already qualified (and Algeria were eliminated) before the match took place," soccer's world governing body said in a statement.

The Nigeria Football Federation (NFF) said on Twitter that it accepted the decision. "The NFF president (Amaju Pinnick) has directed that an internal inquiry be instituted immediately and persons found culpable be dealt with," it added.

Pinnick said: "I want to assure that persons responsible for this slip would not be given just a slap on the wrist. We are actually looking at a re-organization of the Technical Department."


Nigeria, who topped African Group B, finished on 12 points instead of 14, four clear of second-placed Zambia. Algeria still came bottom of the standings. Nigeria will face Iceland, Croatia and Argentina in their World Cup group in Russia.

East Timor had forfeited seven of the 10 games they played in the World Cup qualifiers for fielding nine players who were ineligible because of nationality. This was based on a decision previously taken by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) which has annulled 29 matches involving East Timor and barred the team from the 2023 Asian Cup. The nine players were all born in Brazil.

 

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The Nigeria Professional Football League (NPFL) sides, Sunshine Stars of Akure have prolonged the contract of their head coach Duke Udi for one year.

The former Nigeria international joined the Owena Waves from Nigeria national league club Osun United last season.

Sunshine Stars finished in 10th position in the NPFL last season.

 

The club said new improved deal with Udi contained a renewal clause for another year at the end of the deal in 2018.

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